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ISSUE 3 (36):

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Mary F. Pogany and R. Daniel Lineberger
The plant tissue culture information exchange

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1. Anderson, W.C. 1975. Propagation of rhododendrons by tissue culture: Part 1. Development of a culture medium for multiplication of shoots. Proc. Inter. Plant Prop. Soc. 25: 129-135.

2. Anderson, W.C. 1978a. (Abstr.) Tissue culture propagation of rhododendrons. In Vitro 14: 334.

3. Anderson, W.C. 1978b. Rooting of tissue cultured rhododendrons. Proc. Inter. Plant Prop. Soc. 28: 135-139.

4. Anderson, W.C. 1984. A revised tissue culture medium for shoot multiplication of Rhododendron. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 109 (3): 343-347.

5. Ando, T., Y. Akiyama, and M. Yokoi. 1986. Flower colour sports in Saintpaulia cultivars. Sci. Hort. 29: 191-197.

6. Arisumi, T. and L.C. Frazier. 1968. Cytological and morphological evidence for the single-cell origin of vegetatively propagated shoots in thirteen species of Saintpaulia treated with colchicine. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 93: 679-685.

7. Asen, S., R.N. Stewart, and K.H. Norris. 1971. Co-pigmentation effect of quercetin glycosides on absorption characteristics of cyanidin glycosides and color of Red Wing azalea. Phytochem. 10: 171-175.

8. Bateson, W. 1916. Root-cuttings, chimaeras and "sports". J. Genet. 6(2): 75-80.

9. Beauchesne, G. 1982. Appearance of plants not true to type during in vitro plant propagation. In E.D. Earle and Y. Demarly (eds) Variability in Plants Regenerated from Tissue Culture, pp. 268-272. Praeger, New York.

10. Bergann, F. and L. Bergann. 1982. Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte des Angiospermenblattes. 1. Uber Periklinalchimaren bei Peperomia und ihre experimentelle Entmischung und Umlagerung. Biol. Zentr. 101: 485-502.

11. Bigot, C. 1981. Multiplication vegetative in vitro de Begonia x hiemalis ('Rieger' et 'Schwabenland'). II. - Conformite des plantes elevees en serre. Agronomie 1 (6): 441-447.

12. Bilkey, P.C. and B.H. McCown. 1979. In vitro culture and propagation of Episcia sp. (Flame Violets). J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 104 (1): 109-114.

13. Bino, R.J., F. Bianchi, and H.J.W. Wijsman. 1984. Periclinal chimaerism in Petunia demonstrated by regeneration of plants from the mutated epidermal layer. Heredity 52 (3): 437-441.

14. Brand, M.H. and R.D. Lineberger. 1988. In vitro adventitious shoot formation on mature-phase leaves and petioles of Liquidambar styraciflua L. Plt. Sci. 57: 173-179.

15. Briggs, B. 1988. Personal communication.

16. Broertjes, C. and A. Keen. 1980. Adventitious shoots: Do they develop from one cell? Euphytica 29: 73-87.

17. Broertjes, C. and A.M. Van Harten. 1985. Single cell origin of adventitious buds. Euphytica 34: 93-95.

18. Burk, L.G. 1975. Clonal and selective propagation of tobacco from leaves. Plt. Sci. Lett. 4: 149-154.

19. Bush, S.R., E.D. Earle, and R.W. Langhans. 1976. Plantlets from petal segments, petal epidermis, and shoot tips of the periclinal chimera, Chrysanthemum morifolium 'Indianapolis'. Amer. J. Bot. 63 (6): 729-737.

20. Carlson, P.S. and R.S. Chaleff. 1974. Heterogeneous associations of cells formed in vitro. In L. Ledoux (ed) Genetic Manipulation with Plant Materials, pp. 245-261. Plenum Press, New York.

21. Cassells, A.C. 1985. Genetic, epigenetic and non-genetic variation in tissue culture derived plants. In A. Schafer-Menuhr (ed) In Vitro Techniques, Propagation and Long Term Storage, pp. 111-120. Martinus Nijhoff/Dr. W. Junk Publ.

22. Cassells, A.C. and D. Kelleher. 1984. Chimeral instability, breakdown and resynthesis as sources of somaclonal variation in Chrysanthemum. In P.G. Alderson and L.A. Withers (eds), Plant Tissue Culture and its Agricultural Applications. Proc. of 41st Conf. Easter School Ser. in Agric. Sci., Univ. Nottingham, Book of Abstr., p. 87.

23. Cassells, A.C. and G. Minas. 1983. Beneficially-infected and chimeral Pelargonium: Implications for micropropagation by meristem and explant culture. Acta Hort. 131: 287-297.

24. Chee, R. 1985. The history of rhododendron micropropagation provides some tips for success. Amer. Nurs. (May 15): 42-47.

25. Chin, C. 1980. Growth behavior of green and albino plants of Episcia cupreata 'Pink Brocade' in vitro. In Vitro 16 (10): 847-850.

26. Chua, B.U., J.T. Kunisaki, and Y. Sagawa. 1981. In vitro propagation of Dracaena marginata 'Tricolor'. HortSci. 16 (4): 494.

27. Clayberg, C.D. 1975. Insect resistance in a graft-induced periclinal chimera of tomato. HortSci. 10 (1): 13-15.

28. Dai, C., V.N. Lambeth, R. Taven, and D. Mertz. 1987. Micropropagation of Rhododendron prinophyllum by ovary culture. HortSci. 22 (3): 491-493.

29. Dayton, D.F. 1969. Genetic heterogeneity in the histogenic layers of apple. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 94 (6): 592-595.

30. De Loose, R. 1979. Radiation induced chimeric rearrangement in flower structure of Rhododendron simsii PLANCH. (Azalea indica L.), use of recurrent irradiation. Euphytica 28: 105-113.

31. Dermen, H. 1955. A 2-4-2 chimera of McIntosh apple. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 45 (10): 324-327.

32. Dermen, H. 1960. Nature of plant sports. Amer. Hort. Mag. 39 (3): 123-173.

33. Douglas, G.C. 1984. Propagation of eight cultivars of Rhododendron in vitro using agar-solidified and liquid media and direct rooting of shoots in vivo. Sci. Hort. 24: 337-347.

34. Economou, A.S. and P.E. Read. 1984. In vitro shoot proliferation of Minnesota deciduous azaleas. HortSci. 19 (1): 60-61.

35. Economou, A.S. and P.E. Read. 1986a. Microcutting production from sequential reculturing of hardy deciduous azalea shoot tips. HortSci. 21 (1): 137-139.

36. Economou, A.S. and P.E. Read. 1986b. Influence of pH and medium composition on rooting of hardy deciduous azalea microcuttings. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 111 (2): 181-184.

37. Esau, K. 1977. Anatomy of Seed Plants. 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.

38. Ettinger, T.L. and J.E. Preece. 1985. Aseptic micropropagation of Rhododendron P.J.M. hybrids. J. Hort. Sci. 60 (2): 269-274.

39. Eyerdom, H. 1981. Flower color sports and variations in Saintpaulia hybrids. Afr. Viol. Mag. (Sept.): 33-37.

40. Fordham, I., D.P. Stimart, and R.H. Zimmerman. 1982. Axillary and adventitious shoot proliferation of Exbury azaleas in vitro. HortSci. 17 (5): 738-739.

41. Galle, F. 1987. Azaleas. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.

42. Grunewaldt, J. 1980. Spontane und induzierte Farbschecken von Saintpaulia ionantha H. WENDL. Gartenbauwiss. 45: 124-128.

43. Hackett, W.P. and J.M. Anderson. 1967. Aseptic multiplication and maintenance of differentiated carnation shoot tissue derived from shoot apices. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 90: 365-369.

44. Hall, H.K., M.H. Quazi, and R.M. Skirvin. 1986. Isolation of a pure thornless Loganberry by meristem tip culture. Euphytica 35: 1039-1044.

45. Hannapel, D.J., M.A. Dirr, and H.E. Sommer. 1981. (Abstr.) Micropropagation of native Rhododendron species. HortSci. 16 (3): 452.

46. Harbage, J.F. and D.P. Stimart. 1987. Adventitious shoot regeneration from in vitro subcultured callus of Rhododendron Exbury hybrids. HortSci. 22 (6): 1324-1325.

47. Hartmann, H.T. and D.E. Kester. 1983. Plant Propagation, Principles and Practices. 4th ed. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.

48. Howard, H.W. 1970. The eye-excision method of investigating potato chimeras. Potato Res. 13: 220-222.

49. Imai, Y. 1935. Variegated flowers and their derivatives by bud variation. Jour. of Genetics 30: 1-13.

50. Imel, M.R. and J.E. Preece. 1988. (Abstr.) Adventitious shoot formation from recultured leaves of Rhododendron. HortSci. 23 (3): 760.

51. Johnson, R.T. 1980. Gamma irradiation and in vitro induced separation of chimeral genotypes in Carnation. HortSci. 15 (5): 605-606.

52. Jones, J.B. and T. Murashige. 1974. Tissue culture propagation of Aechmea fasciata Baker and other bromeliads. Proc. Inter. Plant Prop. Soc. 24: 117-126.

53. Kameya, T. 1975. Culture of protoplasts from chimeral plant tissue of nature. Jap. J. Gen. 50 (5): 417-420.

54. Kasperbauer, M.J., T.G. Sutton, R.A. Andersen, and C.L. Gupton. 1981. Tissue culture of plants from a chimeral mutation of tobacco. Crop. Sci. 21: 588-590.

55. Kavanagh, J.M., S.A. Hunter, and P.J. Crossan. 1986. Micropropagation of Catawba hybrid rhododendrons, 'Nova Zembla', 'Cynthia', and 'Pink Pearl'. Proc. Inter. Plant Prop. Soc. 36: 264-272.

56. Kirk, J.T.O. and R.A.E. Tilney-Bassett. 1978. The Plastids: Their Chemistry, Structure, Growth and Inheritance. Elsevier/North-Holland Biomedical Press, New York.

57. Knuttel, A.J. and C. Addison. 1984. Deciduous azalea propagation: An overview of old and new techniques. Proc. Inter. Plant Prop. Soc. 34: 517-519.

58. Knuttel, A.J. and L.K. Benoit. 1987. Growing rhododendrons from tissue culture. Proc. Inter. Plant Prop. Soc. 37: 321-323.

59. Kyte, L. and B. Briggs. 1979. A simplified entry into tissue culture production of rhododendrons. Proc. Inter. Plant Prop. Soc. 29: 90-95.

60. Lineberger, R.D. and M. Druckenbrod. 1985. Chimeral nature of the pinwheel flowering African violets (Saintpaulia, Gesneriaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 72 (8): 1204-1212.

61. Lineberger, R.D. and A. Wanstreet. 1983. Micropropagation of Ajuga reptans 'Burgundy Glow'. OARDC Res. Circ. 274, pp. 19-22.

62. Lloyd, G.B. and B.H. McCown. 1980. Commercially-feasible micropropagation of mountain laurel, Kalmia latifolia, by use of shoot-tip culture. Proc. Inter. Plant Prop. Soc. 30: 421-427.

63. Ma, S.S. and S.O. Wang. 1977. Clonal multiplication of azaleas through tissue culture. Acta Hort. 78: 209-215.

64. Marcotrigiano, M. 1986. Origin of adventitious shoots regenerated from cultured tobacco leaf tissue. Amer. J. Bot. 73 (11): 1541-1547.

65. Marcotrigiano, M. and F.R. Gouin. 1984a. Experimentally synthesized plant chimeras 1. In vitro recovery of Nicotiana tabacum L. chimeras from mixed callus cultures. Ann. Bot. 54: 503-511.

66. Marcotrigiano, M. and F.R. Gouin. 1984b. Experimentally synthesized plant chimeras 2. A comparison of in vitro and in vivo techniques for the production of interspecific Nicotiana chimeras. Ann. Bot. 54: 513-521.

67. Marcotrigiano, M., P.A. Morgan, H.J. Swartz, and J. Ruth. 1987. Histogenic instability in tissue culture-proliferated strawberry plants. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 112 (3): 583-587.

68. Marcotrigiano, M. and R.N. Stewart. 1984. All variegated plants are not chimeras. Science 223: 505.

69. McCown, B.H. and G.B. Lloyd. 1983. A survey of the response of Rhododendron to in vitro culture. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Culture 2: 77-85.

70. McPheeters, K. and R.M. Skirvin. 1983. Histogenic layer manipulation in chimeral 'Thornless Evergreen' trailing blackberry. Euphytica 32: 351-360.

71. Meyer, M.M. 1980. In vitro propagation of Hosta sieboldiana. HortSci. 15 (6): 737-738.

72. Meyer, M.M. 1982. In vitro propagation of Rhododendron catawbiense from flower buds. HortSci. 17 (6): 891-892.

73. Mezitt, W. 1988. (In Press). Proc. Inter. Plant Prop. Soc.

74. Mikkelsen, E.P. and K.C. Sink. 1978. In vitro propagation of Rieger Elatior begonias. HortSci. 13 (3): 242-244.

75. Miyazaki, S. and Y. Tashiro. 1978. Tissue culture of Chrysanthemum morifolium RAMAT. III. Variation in chromosome number and flower color of plants regenerated from different parts of shoots in vitro. Agric. Bull. Saga Univ. 44: 13-31.

76. Murashige, T. 1974. Plant propagation through tissue cultures. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 25: 135-166.

77. Murashige, T. and F. Skoog. 1962. A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassays with tobacco tissue cultures. Physiol. Plant. 15: 473-497.

78. Naylor, E.E. and B. Johnson. 1937. A histological study of vegetative reproduction in Saintpaulia ionantha. Amer. J. Bot. 24: 673-678.

79. Neilson-Jones, W. 1969. Plant Chimeras. 2nd ed. Methuen & Co. LTD, London.

80. Norris, R. and R.H. Smith. (Abstr.) 1981. Regeneration of variegated African violet (Saintpaulia ionantha WENDL.) leaf chimeras in culture. Plant Physiol. 67: 117.

81. Norris, R., R.H. Smith, and K.C. Vaughn. 1983. Plant chimeras used to establish de novo origin of shoots. Science 220: 75-76.

82. Norton, M.E. and C.R. Norton. 1985. In vitro propagation of Ericaceae: A comparison of the activity of the cytokinins N6-benzyladenine and N6-isopentenyladenine in shoot proliferation. Sci. Hort. 27: 335-340.

83. Opatrny, Z. and Z. Landa. 1974. Regeneration of chlorophyll chimeras from leaf explants of Nicotiana tabacum L. Biol. Plant. 16 (4): 312-315.

84. Papachatzi, M., P.A. Hammer, and P.M. Hasegawa. 1981. In vitro propagation of Hosta decorata 'Thomas Hogg' using cultured shoot tips. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 106 (2): 232-236.

85. Peary, J.S., R.D. Lineberger, T.J. Malinich, and M.K. Wertz. 1988. Stability of leaf variegation in Saintpaulia ionantha during in vitro propagation and during chimeral separation of a pinwheel flowering form. Amer. J. Bot. 75 (5): 603-608.

86. Pierik, R.L.M. 1987. In Vitro Culture of Higher Plants. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, the Netherlands.

87. Pierik, R.L.M. and H.H.M. Steegmans. 1983. Vegetative propagation of a chimerical Yucca elephantipes Regel in vitro. Sci. Hort. 21: 267-272.

88. Preil, W. 1986. In vitro propagation and breeding of ornamental plants: advantages and disadvantages of variability. In W. Horn, C.J. Jensen, W. Odenback, and O. Schieder (eds), Genetic Manipulation in Plant Breeding, proceedings of an international symposium organized by EUCARPIA, Sept. 8-13, 1985, Berlin (West), Germany, pp. 377-403. Walter de Gruyter & Co., N.Y.

89. Preil, W. and M. Engelhardt. 1977. Meristem culture of azaleas (Rhododendron simsii). Acta Hort. 78: 203-208.

90. Preil, W. and M. Engelhardt. 1982a. In vitro-Entmischung von Chimarenstrukturen durch Suspensionskulturen bei Euphorbia pulcherrima WILLD. Gartenbauwiss. 47 (6): 241-244.

91. Preil, W. and M. Engelhardt. 1982b. Bestimmung der chimarischen Konstitution des Sprosscheitels der Chrysanthemensorte "Indianapolis-Pink" durch Suspensionskultur. Forsch. Bundesmin. Ernahrung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten. Jahresber. 1982, L 11-12.

92. Preil, W., M. Engelhardt, and A. Lorenz. 1983. Analyse der genetischen Konstitution des Sprosscheitels bei verschiedenen rosafarbigen Poinsettiensorten durch Suspensionskulturen. Bundesmin. Ernahrung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten. Forsch. Jahresber. 1983, L 22.

93. Pua, E.-C., C. Chong, and G.L. Rousselle. 1983. In vitro propagation of Ottawa 3 apple rootstock. Can. J. Plant Sci. 63: 183-188.

94. Salley, H.E. and H.E. Greer. 1986. Rhododendron Hybrids: A Guide to Their Origins. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.

95. Satina, S. and A.F. Blakeslee. 1941. Periclinal chimeras in Datura stramonium in relation to development of leaf and flower. Amer. J. Bot. 28: 862-871.

96. Schmidt, A. 1924. Histologische Studien an phanerogamen Vegetationspunkten. Bot. Arch. 8: 345-404.

97. Sigma Chemical Company. 1989 Catalog.

98. Skene, K.G.M. and M. Barlass. 1983. Studies on the fragmented shoot apex of grapevine. J. Exper. Bot. 34 (147): 1271-1280.

99. Skirvin, R.M. 1978. Natural and induced variation in tissue culture. Euphytica 27: 241-266.

100. Skirvin, R.M. and J. Janick. 1976a. Tissue culture-induced variation in scented Pelargonium spp. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 101 (3): 281-290.

101. Skirvin, R.M. and J. Janick. 1976b. 'Velvet Rose' Pelargonium, a scented geranium. HortSci. 11 (1): 61-62.

102. Smith, R.H. and R.E. Norris. 1983. In vitro propagation of African violet chimeras. HortSci. 18 (4): 436-437.

103. Sparrow, A.H., R.C. Sparrow, and L.A. Schairer. 1960. The use of X rays to induce somatic mutations in Saintpaulia. Afr. Viol. Mag. 13 (4): 32-37.

104. Sriskandarajah, S., M.G. Mullins, and Y. Nair. 1982. Induction of adventitious rooting in vitro in difficult-to-propagate cultivars of apple. Plt. Sci. Lett. 24: 1-9.

105. Stewart, R.N. 1978. Ontogeny of the primary body in chimeral forms of higher plants. In S. Subtelny and I.M. Sussex (eds), The Clonal Basis of Development, pp. 131-160. Academic Press, New York.

106. Stewart, R.N. and H. Dermen. 1970. Somatic genetic analysis of the apical layers of chimeral sports in Chrysanthemum by experimental production of adventitious shoots. Amer. J. Bot. 57 (9): 1061-1071.

107. Strode, R.E., P.A. Travers, and R.P. Oglesby. 1979. Commercial micropropagation of rhododendrons. Proc. Inter. Plant Prop. Soc. 29: 439-443.

108. Sunblade, T.M. and M.M. Meyer. 1982. (Abstr.) In vitro culture of variegated Saintpaulia and Episcia plants. HortSci. 17 (3): 532.

109. Sutter, E. and R.W. Langhans. 1981. Abnormalities in Chrysanthemum regenerated from long term cultures. Ann. Bot. 48: 559-568.

110. Suzuki, H. 1987. Personal communication.

111. Tilney-Bassett, R.A.E. 1963. The structure of periclinal chimeras. Heredity 18: 265-285.

112. Tilney-Bassett, R.A.E. 1986. Plant Chimeras. Edward Arnold, Baltimore, Maryland.

113. Welander, M. 1987. Biochemical and anatomical studies of Birch (Betula pendula Roth) buds exposed to different climatic conditions in relation to growth in vitro. In J.W. Hanover and D.E. Keathley (eds) Genetic Manipulation of Woody Plants, pp. 79-99. Proc. of a Conf. on Genetic Manipulation of Woody Plants, June 21-25, 1987, Mich. St. Univ. Plenum Press, New York.

114. Westerhof, J., F.A. Hakkaart, and J.M.A. Versluijs. 1984. Variation in two Begonia x hiemalis clones after in vitro propagation. Sci. Hort. 24: 67-74.

115. Winkler, H. 1907. Uber Pfropfbastarde und pflanzliche Chimaren. Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges. 25: 568-576.

116. Winkler, H. 1908. Solanum tubingense, ein echter Pfropfbastarde zwischen Tomate und Nachtschatten. Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges. 26a: 595-608.

117. Zilis, M., D. Zwagerman, D. Lamberts, and L. Kurtz. 1979. Commercial propagation of herbaceous perennials by tissue culture. Proc. Inter. Plant Prop. Soc. 29: 404-413.


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